4 edition of A social contract found in the catalog.
A social contract
Includes bibliographical references (p. 86-89).
|LC Classifications||HD8801 .V34 1992|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||ix, 89 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||89|
|LC Control Number||94101136|
In Rousseau's work there is a constant tension between Geneva as it actually was and the city he may have imagined it to be, with the complicating factor that at least some of his illusions were shared by his compatriots. One might assume that discussing an issue with others would help a voter to recognize the common good. He draws an important distinction between the general will and the will of all, stating that the latter is simply the sum total of each individual's desires. The book in which these elements are combined was, moreover, written in an intellectual context quite different from our own: one in which stultifying inequality and theological intolerance coexisted with lively Enlightenment salons and growing faith in the possibility of scientific and moral progress. InRousseau wrote "The Social Contract, Or Principles of Political Right," in which he explained that government is based on the idea of popular sovereignty.
The book in which these elements are combined was, moreover, written in an intellectual context quite different from our own: one in which stultifying inequality and theological intolerance coexisted with lively Enlightenment salons and growing faith in the possibility of scientific and moral progress. After a scene-setting introduction situating the work within Rousseau's intellectual project -- particularly the first and second Discourses -- Williams takes us through Rousseau's text chapter-by-chapter, clarifying the argument, noting points of controversy and explaining the many obscure references. Although the sovereign exercises legislative authority, the state also needs executive power to implement the general will. John Locke based many of his political writings on the idea of the social contract.
As the author of a rival commentary, I would press the case for serious students of Rousseau to have more than one discussion of the Social Contract on their shelves, but David Lay Williams's book sets an impressively high standard in this area. The general will is always right, and always promotes public utility. The general will is not equivalent to the desire of all people, because it is not the sum of all interests. The law expresses the general will, and must only make regulations that affect the entire populace.
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After the Small Council had condemned the Social Contract and he had renounced his citizenship, Rousseau was drawn into internal Genevan politics, an engagement that finds expression in the Letters from the Mountains. As the natural tendency of every government is to usurp sovereignty and to invalidate the social contract, the government's interests are always in conflict with those of the sovereign.
Fourth, Williams rather shies away from providing commentary on Rousseau's cryptic mathematical remarks at various points in the text. A Court in Germany ordered that access to certain items in the Project Gutenberg collection are blocked from Germany. Analysis Rousseau acknowledges that individuals may have private interests that conflict with the general will, but expresses concern about the manipulative effect of factions.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, These particular interests usually balance each other out unless people form factions and vote as a group. Formal procedures together with fair background conditions are necessary in making sure that the citizenry takes decisions that track the common good, and their actually taking those decisions is necessary to give effect to the general will.
This section contains words approx. The application and interpretation of the laws is, however, a matter not for the people as a whole but for the government, composed of magistrates, who are selected by and from the people. The same concept applies to the sovereign.
It is important to emphasize that the demand for generality extends beyond the framing of the law to its application. In a healthy state, people share common sentiment and show unanimity in the assemblies. The most important of these two appendices is the one on the general will, since it is the central organizing concept of Rousseau's political philosophy.
An expression of the general will takes the form of law, whereas the expression of a particular will is at best an application of law. As he notes, Rousseau, who was already an exile, was making a rare visit to Geneva duringthough Williams does not mention that Rousseau's main reaction seems to have been horror at the bloodshed.
At the same time, procedure alone is not enough: if the expressed decision of the citizenry stray too far from what justice objectively requires, perhaps reflecting divisions within the citizenry, then there can be no general will either.
Sovereignty, according to Rousseau, is inalienable and indivisible, in the sense that a republic divided sovereignty is no longer a republic and can no longer represent the public interest.
One of the key differences between the popular party and the oligarchy A social contract book around the right of legislative initiative. I have other questions or need to report an error Please email the diagnostic information above to help pglaf.
Learn how and when to remove this template message Title page of a pirated edition of the Social Contract, probably printed in Germany. One might assume that discussing an issue with others would help a voter to recognize the common good.Jean Jacques Rousseau, a French political philosopher, published The Social Contract induring the peak of the French Enlightenment. Rousseau argued that no one person was entitled to have natural authority over others. He continued his argument by suggesting that an agreement should be formed, in which all individuals give up their natural liberty.
Emerging nationalism was one of the primary forces in shaping change in Europe throughout the late 18th and into the 19th centuries, in no small part due to the enormous influence of Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Of the Social Contract, Or Principles of. Check out this great listen on sylvaindez.com Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.
In The Social Contract, Rousseau explores the concept of freedom and the political structures that may enable people to acquire it. He argues that the sovereign power of a state lies not in any one ruler. Jun 15, · Social Contract - Ebook written by Jean Jacques Rousseau.
Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Social Contract/5(10).
Jun 07, · The Social Contract [Jean-Jacques Rousseau] on sylvaindez.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June – 2 July ) was a major Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century Romanticism.
His political philosophy heavily influenced the French Revolution/5(83). Analysis of the Social Contract by Rousseau. The Social Contract by Rousseau, whose full title is The Social Contract or Principles of Political Right () is an analysis of the contractual relationship to any legitimate government, so that are articulated principles of justice and utility to to reconcile the desire for happiness with the submission to the general interest.